“whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. The was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in God’s merciful restraint He let the sins previously committed go unpunished” (Romans 3:25).

Here, Paul, is continuing his thought on the gracious gift of justification that has been received as a result of the redeeming work of Jesus Christ. Given the Old Testament background of the word “propitiation,” New Testament scholar David Garland holds forth that Paul’s emphasis is upon the shift from where our sins were formerly atoned for, behind a curtain in the temple, the holy of holies, to the cross where Jesus’ blood was publicly poured out. The cross, then, has become the “mercy seat” where we see the power of God’s grace on full display.

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